The History of Jepara…
In the sixteenth century, Jepara was an important port; in early 1513, its king, Yunnus led an attack against Portuguese Malacca.
His force is said to have been made up of one hundred ships and 5000 men from Jepara and Palembang but was defeated. Between 1518 and 1521 he apparently ruled over Demak. The rule of Ratu Kalinyamat in the latter sixteenth century was, however, Jepara’s most influential. Jepara again attacked Malacca in 1551 this time with Johor but was defeated, and in 1574 besieged Malacca for three months.
It was the site of an English Fort in the 1600s. It is the birthplace of Indonesian national heroine Kartini.
The population is almost entirely Javanese and over 95% Muslim. In the 16th century it was an independent kingdom, and was twice burned by the Dutch.
As a coastal area many traders from around the world landed in Jepara centuries ago.
As a result, some of Jepara’s resident have at part European, Chinese, Arabs, Malay or Bugis ancestry.
The town is knownend by its furniture industry. The production of teak and mahogany furniture, employs approximately 800,000 people in the town, working in a large number of mainly small workshops. The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java. Since there is a large export trade, the fall in the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar and other currencies has probably led to an increase in income for the furniture exporters.
Jepara is also well known for a fruit named Durian Petruk. (Stink-Fruit)
Leave a Comment so far
Leave a comment